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Warbixin: Waa sidee tayada jaamacadaha Soomaaliya?

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Hadal uu warbaahinta ka sheegay wasiirkii waxbarashada Soomaaliya C/raxmaan Daahir Cismaan ayaa ahaa in wasaaradda aysan aqoonsanayn dhammaan jaamacadaha ka jira Soomaaliya, oo ay xitaa ku jirta jaamacadda ummadda oo ah hay’ad ka tirsan wasaaradda.

Hadalka wasiirka ayaa muran badan dhaliyay, inkasta oo uu dib ka sharxay waxa uu ula jeeday, haddane waxaa loo tirinayaa in uu yahay hadal galaaftay xilkiisii wasiirnimo kadib markii xilka laga qaaday saacado kadib markii uu hadalka sheegay.

Isaga oo u waramayay mid ka mid ah taleefishinada Soomaalida, ayuu yiri Cabdiraxmaan “Anaga ma jirto jaamacad aan aqoonsanahay, waxbarashada ay bixiso iyo qaabka ay u dhisantahay jaamacad aan dhihi karno waan aqoonsanahay ma jirto, sababtoo ah , waan qiyaasaynaa in ay jiraan jaamacaad badan oo shuruudaha soo buuxin kara, laakiin weli maanaan isu imaanin, maanan samaysanin jaangooyadaas __ tayada waxbarashada. Markaan samaysano ayaan oran karnaa tana waan aqoonsanay, tana ma aqoonsanin, oo aan dhihi karno shuruudaha koow illaa afar waa soo buuxisay, xitaa jaamacadda ummada oo ka mid ah jaamacadaha dalka”.

Waa sidee tayada jaamacadaha Soomaaliya?

Macalimiin jaamacadeed

Guud ahaan Soomaaliya waxaa ka jira wax ka badan 60 jaamacadood, kuwaas oo labo jibaar ka badan tirada jaamacadaha ee ku yaala dalka dariska ah ee Kenya iyo xitaa Itoobiya.

Daraasad uu sameeyay mac-hadka cilmi baarista Heritage ee Muqdisho ku yaala sanadkii 2013-kii ayaa waxaa lagu waraystay 44 jaamacadood oo ku yaala inta u dhaxaysa Hargeysa illaa Kismaayo.

Tirada ardayda ee jaamacadahaas dhigtay xiligaas waxa ay ahaayeen 51,471 arday sida daraasadda lagu sheegay. Waxaana dhigaysay macalimiin dhan 2501 oo ka dhigan in 21 arday oo kasta uu kusoo aadayo hal macalin.

Jaamacadihii daraasadda lagu sameeyay 68% waxa ay bixinayeen maaddooyinka kombuyuutar (computer)-ka la xiriira, balse waxaa la yaab lahayd waxaan layaab ahayn in 15% kamid ah guud ahaan ardayda dhigata jaamacadaha ku yaal koonfurta-bartamaha, Soomaaliland iyo Puntland ay ka diiwaan gashan yihiin kulliyadaha la xiriira computer-ka.

Daraasadda waxaa kale oo lagu ogaaday in baaxadda cilmi baariseed iyo bandhig qoraallada jaamacadaha dalka oo idil ayaa aad u hooseeya. 15 kamid ah 44-ta jaamacadood ee la daraaseeyay ayaa sheegatay in ugu yaraan ay ka qayb qaataan hal bandhig qoraaleed (academic publication).

Qodobkaas waa mid weli taagan 4 sano kadib xilliga daraasadda la sameeyay sida uu sheegayo Prof Ibraahim Bursaliid oo BBC-da uga warbixiyay shir caalami ah oo tacliinta sare ku saabsan oo shalay lagu soo gabogabeeyay Muqdisho.

“Waxaa xoogga la’isla saaray heerka tayada, in liidasho ay jirto, laakiin soo kabasho fiicana ay jirto, in waxoogaa ku jiro habac ah gudaha iyo dibedda aysan jirin wax isu dheelitirnaan ah.

Maxay yihiin caqabadaha haysta?

Sida lagu sheegay daraasadaas Heritage, caqabadaha iyo culaysyada soo food saara hey’adaha waxbarashada sare (HWS) ee dalka ayaa waxay isugu jiraan kuwo la xiriira amni xumo, tayo darro guud oo hay’adeed, shaqaalaha ay haystaan iyo kaabayaasha ay ku hawl-galaan oo aan tayaysnayn, dhaqaalaha oo aad u xaddidan iyo agab-kii wax lagu baran lahaa oo aanay haysan ama aan ku filnayn daboolidda baahida loo qabo.

Daraasadda ayaa intaas ku daraysa “Ku dhawaad dhammaan jaamacadaha la waraystay (96%) waxay sheegeen in yaraanta agab-ka wax barrida ay tahay caqabadda labaad ee ugu weyn, halka (89%) ay sheegeen in maqnaanshaha aasaaska nidaamkii jaamacadeed oo dhisan uu yahay caqabad weyn, qalabkii wax lagu baran lahaa ama lagu bari lahaa-ba oo aad u yar ayaa ah baahi kale oo (89%) ay qabaan, shaqaale jaamacadeed oo tayo leh una tababaran ayaa iyadana in la helo ay ku dhib badan tahay, sidoo kale (89%) ayaa iyaguna ku cawday inaysan jirin shaqaale maamul oo tayo leh, (86%), dhismayaal iyo xarumo jaamacadeed la’aan ayaa waxaa ka sheegtay (73%), manhaj waxbarasho oo horumarsan iyaa isagana ka mid ahaa caqabadihii ay ka sheegteen 18% jamacadihii lala kulmay”.

Maxaa xalka ah?

Prof Bursaliid waxa uu sheegay in shirkii tacliinta sare ee Muqdisho si fiican looga hadlay baahida loo qabo in la horumariyo jaamacadda ummadda, kuwa gaarka loo leeyahayna la tayeeyo.

Daraasadda Heritaga ayaa sidoo kale kula talisay dowladda federaalka sidan “Kala shaqee ururrada iyo dalladaha waxbarasho ee dalka ka jira sidii loo sameyn lahaa siyaasad qaran oo midaysan kuna beegan nidaamka waxbarashada sare ee dalka, gacanna ka geyso horumka”.

Waxaa kale oo dowladda loogu baaqay in la sameeyo Golaha Waxbarashada Sare oo kormeer iyo qiimeyn ku sameeya tayada waxbarashada.

Si kastaba ha ahaatee, iyada oo dowladda Soomaaliya ay dhawaan markii koowaad daabacday qeyb ka mid ah manhajka waxbarashada dugsiga hoose, ayaa waxaa muuqda in lagu loo jeedsanayo dhanka waxbarashada oo muddo dheer ahayd moowduuc aanan aad looga hadlin.

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Madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya oo si weyn loogu soo dhaweeyay Magaalada Bristol

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Waxaa indhoweeyto lagu qabtay magaalada Bristol (UK) xaflad lagu soo dhaweeynaayay madaxweynihii hore ee Soomaaliya Mudane Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud. Xafladaas ayaa waxaa loo soo abaabulay si heer sare ah. Waxaana ka qeybqaatay qeybaha kala duwan ee bulshada sida odayaal, dhalinyaro, gabdho wiilal, wadaado, waranle iyo aqoonyahano.

The Bristol Hotel ayaa Xafladaas ka dhacay iyadoo halkaas ay ka jeediyeen qudbado kala duduwan oo ay soo jeediyeen wafuud ka socotay magaalooyin ka baxsan Bristol. Axmed Nuur (Seyga Ruushka) oo ahaa ciyaartooy caan ah barisamaadkii ayaa wuxuu amaanay ugu horeeyn reer Bristol iyo siday wax u soo qabanqaabiyeen wuxuuna yiri:”waaba inaan halkaan u soo guuraa”. Wuxuu kaloo amaan la dul istaagay dowladii uu mudane Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud hoggaaminaayay iyo wax qabadkeedii. Prof. RUUMI oo isna ah aqoonyahan matalayey reer Birmingham ayaa wuxuu sheegay inuu Mudane Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud ka masuul ahaa in la yagleelo Akadeemiya-Goboleedka Af Soomaaliga oo uuna aad u soo dhaweeynaayo xisbiga cusub.

Abdishakuur Ibraahim Ali oo ah Guddoomiyaha Jaaliyadda bristol ayaa  soo dhaweynta madam aad ugu qeybqaatay asigoona sheegay Mudane Xassan Sheikh inu yahay hogaamiye dacad ah  dalkane u baahan yahay Jaaliyaadda Bristoolna ku booriyay in Xisbiga uu horkacayo  Muadane Xassan Sheekh in la taageero.

Maryan Jaabir oo iyada ka midka ah dadka degan Bristol ayaa waxay sheegay iyadu inay hore u taageersaneed madaxweynihii hore ayna hada meesheeda kasii wadeeyso. Waxay mudane Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud kula dardaarantay inuusan iloobin xuquuqda reer Muqdisho ee maqan. Dad kale oo ay ka mid ahaayeen Cali Hindi, Dhagacade iyo Gudoomiyaha Jaaliyada Bristol C/Shakur ayaa iyagana waxay aad u amaaneen waxqabdkii madaxweynihii hore iyagoo isla markaana soo dhaweeyay xisbiga cusub ee Midnimada Nabada iyo Horumarka.

Maama Seynab iyo caruurteeda oo ku dhasheen wadankan Ingariiska ayaa waxay madaxweynihii hore gudoonsiiyeen bilad sharaf maadaama uu wax badan usoo qabtay wadanka Soomaaliya. Hibaaq Jaamac oo ah Xildhibaan xisbiga shaqaalaha oo laga soo doorto xaafada ugu Soomaalida badan magaaladan isla markaana u qaabilsan Bristol Ganacsiga Caalamiga iyo Maalgashiga (International trade and investment) ayaa soo dhaweeysay madaxweyne Xasan Sheekh waxayna ku dheeratay fursadaha ka jiro wadankan dhanka dhaqaalaha oo ay haboon tahay in laga faa’iideeysato.

Xildhibaan Xasan Macalin oo isna ka mid ahaa wafdigii la socday madaxweynihii hore ayaa wuxuu ku dheeraaday arimaha xisbiga iyo sida ay iyaga u rabaan in qof walbo oo Soomaali ah ka qeybqaato.

Ugu danbeyn rausalwasaarihii hore ee dowlada kumeelgaarka Soomaaliya mudane Nuur Xasan Xuseen (Nuur Cade) ayaa mikrafoonka kusoo dhaweeyay mudane Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud oo ay dadka goobta fadhiya aad iyo aad u sugayeen.

Madaxweynihii hore ayaa hadalkiisa waxuu ku bilaabay inuu aad ugu faraxsan yahay imaatinkiisa magaalada Bristol oo weliba si heer sare ah loogu soo dhaweeyay. Wuxuu kaloo sheegay inuu la socdo in ay Bristol tahay magaalo Qofkii ama siyaasigii ay dhabarka ka taabtaan uu helaayo wuxuu rabo markaa wuxuu yiri: “reer Bristoloow anigana waxaan idinka rabaa inaad dhabarka iga taabataan” Mudane Xasan Sheekh wuxuu ku dheeraaday inay dowladnimada iyo meesha laga soo bilaabay iyo inuu madaxweyne kastaa meel gaarsiinaayay oo ay taa ku timid ugu danbeyn in isaga uu si diimuquraadiyad leh ugu wareejiyo xilka madaxweynenimo Maxamed C/hi Farmaajo markii laga guuleeystay. Waxuu dadweynaha ugu baaqay inay ilaashtaan dowladnimadooda. Tan kale madaxweyne Xasan wuxuu xusay in ay Xisbiga Midnimada Nabada iyo Horumarka ay daahfureen.

Xisbigaas waxaa ku midoobay dhowr xisbi waxuuna ka shqeeyndoona danta shacabka Soomaaliyeed meel kasta oo ay joogaan. Reer Bristol waxaa looga baahan yahay inay xubno ka noqdaan dhaqaalena ku taageeraan ayuu yiri madaxweynihii hore Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud. Xafladaas ayaa waxaa laysku raacay inay eheed mid aad u qurux badan waxayna kusoo dhamaatay guul. Dhamaan dadkii kasoo qeyb galay waxay isku raaceen inuu Xasan Sheekh Maxamuud yahay hogaamiye ay Soomaaliya u baahan tahay.

HLKAAN HOOSE KA DAAWO MUUQAALKA

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Warar

DoomsDay: Remembering 14th October atrocities

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It’s a beautiful day with lots of hopes and uncertainties but certainly the sun rose with a new promises just as would expect in Somalia. We met, planned and looked ahead each passing day not knowing what will happen next or the future holds for us. We went through so much in life experiencing many hurts and heartbreaks but learned to push forward and looked ahead for better days, all for hopes and nothing guaranteed. One thing life never taught us or prepared anyone of us is how to deal and process the loss of a loved one. How do we learn to push through or fill the void left. As Muslims, we must have a sabr(endurance) but accept the pain, the numbness and hurt will always be there. They say time heals all wound, so am wondering, can this wound ever heal? Memories of certain dates are important to many people to remember and 14th October 2017 is a date that will be remembered by many, not for happy reason but for the senseless bloodshed of the day. Many were lost including mothers, fathers, sons, daughters, husbands, wives, brothers, sisters, friends and colleagues. Children were left orphans and countless families in grievance. Each and every one of us lost a loved and Somalia lost a lot of aspiring young minds and thus the future of Somalia was robbed. It’s been a year since this national disaster but feels like it’s yesterday. Just like any other days, friends and families are discussing what life would mean if Somalia was a whole and peaceful again – a place where no tribe/clan or the so called Al-shabab terror don’t exist or have no influence. That faithful day, I said my goodbye to a friend and a brother to pick up our discussion for later – little did I know tomorrow belongs to no man and nothing was left for living. How could I predict that our later will never come and for him to be gone in that blast. It was indeed the darkest day of our life. Mohamud Hassan Elmi also known as Obama – he was a son, brother, a husband, father and to many of us – he was friend, colleague and an a mentor. He was the kind of person who lights up a room when he walks in, and challenges any norms if it wasn’t right. Family doesn’t necessary mean by who you share blood with. Obama was not only a friend and a confidant but a brother to me. I know I lost a brother that day but he was much more to many others. He never shied away from arguments, always in the front line to help if anyone was in need. He was someone you could count on regardless of the issue or matter. It’s a huge misfortune that lost such a great man who would have been a great force of change in Somalia but Allah knows best – we belong to Allah and we shall return to him. May Allah grant jannatul firdaus to all of the deceased and give sabra and strength to their families. As we remember the people we lost on this day a year ago, let’s not remember today as a dark day but reckoning, a wakeup call to what is holding us back, killing our future, leaving our children orphan, and fight to liberate ourselves from the shackles of ignorance. The enemy is within us and comes in different forms. Only when we stand together as one can we make a difference. Change starts with you and me. # Shuhadadii14October Mohamed Hassan

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Xasuus Qaran Oo Loo Samaynayo Muwaadiniintii Soomaaliyeed Ee Lagu Dilay Weerarkii October 14, 2017

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Kulan ay Muqdisho ku yeesheen golaha wasiirada xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya ayaa looga hadlay dhibaatadii xanuunka iyo muragada badnayd ee ka dhalatay weerarkii argagaxiso ee 14 October 2017 lala eegtay Isgoyska Zoobe ee magaalada Muqdisho.

Xunbaha golaha wasiirrada ayaa falanqayn kadib waxa ay isku raaceen in xasuus qaran loo sameeyo dadkii ku dhintay weerarkaas arxan darrada ahaa, iyo in la caawiyo dadkii ku dhaawacmay, eheladii dadkii wax ku noqday iyo dadkii ku hanti beelay.

Kulankaan oo uu guddoomiyay ra’iisul wasaare ku-xigeenka xukuumadda federaalka Soomaaliya, mudane Mahdi Maxamed Guuled (Khadar) ayaa sidoo kale looga dooday in maalinta 14-0ctober loo aqoonsado maalin qaran oo lagu xasuusto dhammaan dadka ku dhibaatoobay qaraxyada kala duwan ee kooxaha argagaxisada ah ay dalka ka gaysteen.

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